Archimedis De iis quae vehuntur in aqua libri duo a Federico Commandino … (facsimile)
In the 16th century, the pains around Archimedes' works centred primarily on philologically retrieving and perfecting the texts. Around 1550, Cardinal Marcello Cervini, the Vatican Librarian, appointed Federico Commandino to bring order to the text of On Floating Bodies. A Latin version of some Archimedes' works, edited by Commandino, was published in Venice in 1558. These included the Measure of the Circle, On Spirals, The Quadrature of the Parabola, On Conoids and Spheroids and The Sand Reckoner. To this he added, in 1565, the restoration of Moerbeke's translation of On Floating Bodies, filling many lacunae and giving the text a commentary. The Tartaglia and Commandino editions aroused great interest in the 17th century and inspired the research of leading mathematicians and scientists.