Although the national drink in Egypt was beer, the grapevine, not a native plant, was cultivated at a very early time. The vineyards, often surrounded by desert, were considered real gardens, where the grapevines, supported by pergolas or climbing on trees, were sometimes grown in vases. Detailed information on the consumption and ritual use of wine comes from the tombs. Wine was, in fact, used for various purposes in the cult of the dead. Stored in jars in burial places, it was considered a means of regeneration. In some tomb paintings, mechanical devices for the second pressing of the grapes appear.

Votive-funerary stele
c. 1700 B.C.
Florence, Museo Egizio
Inv. 2512

Fragments of wall painting
c. 1350-1300 B.C.
Turin, Museo delle Antichità Egizie
Inv. S. 1341-44

Relief carving of amphorae in storage deposit
New Kingdom, XVIII Dynasty
Florence, Museo Egizio
Inv. 5412

Talatat with plant motif decoration
c. 1340 B.C.
Turin, Museo delle Antichità Egizie
Inv. S. 18140, S. 18146

Intarsia in the shape of bunches of grapes
New Kingdom, XVIII dynasty
Florence, Museo Egizio
Inv. 7181, 7182

Votive stele
3rd-1st century B.C.
Florence, Museo Egizio
Inv. 2594

1st-3rd century A.D.
Florence, Museo Egizio
Inv. 11096

Elements for usekh-collar
New Kingdom
Florence, Museo Egizio
Inv. 1737-1741

Fragmentary amphora
6th-7th century A.D.
Florence, Museo Egizio
Inv. 10027

Egyptian winepress
Florence, Opera Laboratori Fiorentini