The humanist and cartographer Martin Waldseemüller (ca. 1470-ca. 1520) was born in Wolfenweiler, near Freiburg, around 1470. His fame rests primarily on the large world map that he prepared in 1507 at the request of René II, Duke of Lorraine (1451-1508). The map was drawn together with the "gores" of a small globe of the Earth to accompany an introduction to cosmography written with Matthias Ringmann (1482-1511) and other humanists of the Gymnasium Vosagensis at Saint-Dié-des-Vosges, in Lorraine. There, Waldseemüller had taken the pseudonym Hylacomilus, with which he signed his cartographic works, starting with the large world map that gave its name to America. At the suggestion of Ringmann, who coined the word in honor of Vespucci (1454-1512), Waldseemüller engraved it on the lands recently discovered south of the West Indies. However, he did not repeat the name in later maps, which carry the more generic label of "Terra nova". With Ringmann, Waldseemüller went on to prepare a new edition of Ptolemy's Geography, printed in Strasbourg in 1513. A new world map was compiled for the cosmographic appendix to Gregor Reisch's (ca. 1467-1525) Margarita philosophica, published in Strasbourg in 1515 together with a treatise on architecture and perspective also by Waldseemüller. In 1516, the learned cartographer published a large nautical map that reproduced the lands of the known world without any further acknowledgment of Ptolemy's historical legacy. As the map was designed for navigation, all the lands, including those of the ancient world, were represented on the basis of measures and information compiled from the travelers, navigators, and cartographers who had produced sea-charts for Spain and Portugal until that time.